Common Types of Peptides You Should Know About

There are many active substances in the human body, which can be referred to as peptides. They are featured in a wide range of the human body, including but not limited to nerves, hormones, reproductive organs, and cell growth, among others. Their primary functions are to regulate physiological functions in cell activation and vivo, thus helping to improve various enzyme-related activities as well as promoting the permeability of the cell membranes.

As such, there are many different types of peptides, and with so many active studies still ongoing, a good number are yet to be discovered as more insights continue to be obtained regarding peptides. Meanwhile, here are some of the basic types of peptides worth knowing about:

Antimicrobial peptides

Every time insects are stimulated by the external environment, they end up producing a large amount of cationic peptides, which have antimicrobial activities. Though there is a large number of antimicrobial peptides yet to be screened, the studies which have so far been conducted have led to the conclusion that antimicrobial peptides not only have strong bacterial abilities, but also possess the ability to kill tumorous cells in the body.

Peptides for cardiovascular diseases

Most plant medicines are widely used in the treatment of conditions relating to blood fat, blood pressure, thrombolytic effects, and many others. In addition to being used as drugs, they are also used as supplements. However, since there is still uncertainty about the composition of the ingredients, the use of such plants as medicine is still limited. It has been discovered that the active ingredients in such medicinal plants, are nothing but small peptides.

Pharmaceutical small peptides

A lot of progress has been made with respect to small peptide drugs, and this has been possible in a variety of fields. For instance, it has been discovered that there are certain kinds of synthetic peptides, which can promote wound regeneration of blood vessels, which in turn will accelerate the process of wound healing. The small peptides can also be used to interfere with inflammatory responses, thus bringing relief to patients suffering from inflammation.