What is STD?
STD is the short form of sexually transmitted disease. STDs are highly communicable and infective if a person has unsafe or unprotected sex. Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Reproductive tract infections, and the most common one being HIV are the list of STDs. In countries like USA, Singapore and more developed countries, many are affected by STD either directly or indirectly. The symptoms of STD includes Continuous vaginal discharge in female, PID in male, Infertility, Acute arthritis, severe abdominal pain, and in some cases it is life threatening.
Need of STD Tests:
How you diagnose your fever or cold with blood or urine test, likewise the Sexually transmitted Disease or STD is also diagnosed using the same blood or urine or vaginal samples. Based upon the type of infection the sample used to test may differ. Other factor which is considered for diagnosis is the time span of infection. For different type of time period, different types of diagnosis method are employed.
Diagnosis of STD:
Once a person gets to know that he/she is affected by the infection he/she must first consult a physician. The physician upon examination asks the person to go for a diagnosis process, such that the treatment for it can be initiated. STD tests Singapore is solely depended on the type of the STD the patient is infected with. It is available either as single test or in packages form. The types of STD diagnosis in Singapore are:
- PAP smear (Thin prep): This method is used to diagnosis the cervical cell abnormalities.
- Digenetic Test: Human Papilloma virus (HPV) infection is diagnosed through this test.
- Digenesis with Pap smear: If a person has infection related to anal canal and HPV, the physician prescribes this test.
- HIV DNA PCR: The presence of Human immune deficiency virus causes serious damage to the person. Hence this test diagnosis HIV.
- ORAQUICK HIV-1/2 Antibody test and SD Bio line HIV-1/2 Antibody test: Used for HIV diagnosis.
- Herpes Simplex virus PCR: Used to detect the infection caused by HSV.
- Chlamydia and Gonorrhea: These are used to diagnosis the minor STD infections.
To get to know more details about the appointment procedures and diagnosis charges kindly visit http://hivsingapore.com
Different test for Gender:
In Singapore, STD test are gender specific. For male, the procedure is different and for female it is different.
In male, the blood and urine sample is collected from the infected person and it is put for test for the diagnosis. Using the blood, the infection like HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis A/B/C, Candida Antibody, and HSV Type I and II are diagnosed. On other hand, infection like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea, Monilla, Trichomonas, Urea plasma are diagnosed with help of urine sample.
In case of female, three samples namely: Blood, Urine and Vaginal liquid is collected. From the blood, infections like HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis A/B/C, Candida Antibody, and HSV Type I and II are diagnosed. On other hand, infection like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea, Monilla, Trichomonas, Urea plasma are diagnosed with help of urine sample. The vaginal sample is used to diagnose the candid infection.
The testing procedure of Singapore is quite crucial. This is because using this result further treatment is initiated. The sample collected is hold for 2-3 hours and result is interpreted.
In Singapore, the STD screening test is done in package form. The list includes:
Basic 1 – This screens for infections like- HIV, Syphilis, and Hepatitis B
Basic 2 – HIV, Syphilis, and Hepatitis B, Type 1 and 2 HSV.
Basic 3 – HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C.
Basic 4 – HIV, Syphilis, and Hepatitis B, Type 1 and 2 HSV and Hepatitis C.
There is a proverb saying that prevention is better than cure. To safeguard from STD one must have safe sex, avoidance of sexual contact with infected person, devoid of drug and alcohol and maintaining proper hygiene will protect form Studying nutshell for each infection type the diagnosis method vary. To screen HIV tests like HIV DNA PCR, Duo test, SD Bioloine HIV-1/2 antibody test are prescribed. Chlamydia and Gonorrhea PCR is used to screen Chlamydia and Gonorrhea.